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White dandruff (pityriasis alba): white spots on the skin of a child
The two most common causes of white skin changes in a child are white dandruff and variegated dandruff.
The first type is created by revealing, ę white scaly patches, occurs most often on the skin of the face, neck, upper torso, arms. Changes of this type often develop unevenly, they take the form of round or oval patches appearing mainly after exposure to sunlight. Areears and have very small white scales, have a diameter of about half a centimeter. It is most common in children between 3 and 16 years of age.
These changes are quite harmless, similar to a mild type of eczema. Most often occur in children with dry skin, susceptible to rashes, irritations, can accompany children suffering from allergies, asthma, keratosis pilaris.
The treatment of lesions is theirs moisturizing, oiling the skin, using delicate washing cosmetics and making sure that the child bathes in warm, but not hot water. In addition, it is advisable applying high filters on sunny days, to inhibit darkening of the skin around the lesions, thus protecting against their visibility.
They can be helpful topical steroid creams. Doctors, however, argue that white spots on the skin of a child in the category of white dandruff will disappear even without treatment. However, it takes time and patience - it can take months or even years.
Dandruff dandruff (tinea versicolor): white patches on the skin
Another very common problem that manifests as white patches on the skin is Dandruff, a mild superficial fungal infection. The affected skin does not change due to exposure to the sun, which is why the epidermis remains white, in winter the spots appear to disappear or darken.
White spots on the skin usually occur in persons between 15 and 30 years old (but they can happen at any age). Despite the healing of the skin, further infections may occur and the course is unpredictable, a chronic disease. Susceptibility to infection increases during hot months in wet rooms.
The risk of developing changes is increased by:
- chronic diseases,
- wearing tight clothes.
In the treatment of dandruff, the most effective are topical antifungal drugs, application can be a very good way selenium shampoos. After treatment, you need to change your underwear and bedding to prevent your disease coming back. It is also recommended to repeat the treatment, even in the absence of symptoms, to prevent the appearance of lesions. White spots on the skin remain for several weeks after treatment.
Eczema: white patches on the skin
Discolored, white spots on the skin may appear at the site of irritation resulting from the course of eczema. When the skin is first withred, rough, and then a white spot appears in this place, the reason seems obvious. The doctor may recommend the use of special creams for such changed skin. It is also advisable to avoid irritating factors that may worsen the condition of the skin.
Albinism in children: white patches on the skin
White spots on the skin may indicate vitiligo, a disease that manifests as a loss of pigment in the skin. It is not life threatening, unfortunately it is difficult to treat and a great challenge due to aesthetic values and mental discomfort. Albinism is not a cancer, it is also not contagious, the course is difficult to predict. It may happen that a small white spot on the skin will not grow and will last for many years, without additional changes. However, sometimes the disease progresses quickly and there are more and more white patches on the skin.
Albinism affects melanocytes, cells located deep in the skin, affect melanin, preventing its production. In this way it comes to that skin cells stop producing melanin. Dermatologists distinguish various forms of albinism: focalwhen there are several places on the skin with discolored skin, generalized - for a larger area of skin and symmetric - causing the skin to discolor symmetrically, which gives the impression of a mirror reflection of the changes.
Changes can occur in different areas of the skin. It is most likely that they will be built on face, hands, groin, elbows and knees, and also around the skin around the holes - eyes, navel, around the genitals. Some children with albinism may also have other symptoms - premature graying of hair or loss of pigment in the iris.
There are various theories regarding the development of vitiligo - some indicate that the cause is autoimmune, other, that they are responsible genes. The dermatologist confirms the disease, looking at the baby's skin, they can use special lamps with ultraviolet radiation, a biopsy is very rarely done. It is important to conduct a detailed interview to check if the discoloration was caused by burns or if it was a consequence of rashes. A blood test may be recommended to confirm or rule out diabetes or thyroid problems that may affect the development of vitiligo.
Albinism treatment is difficult and long-lasting. The effectiveness of therapy depends on the individual characteristics of the skin and the course of the disease.