Small child

Krup - or acute subglottic laryngitis - symptoms, treatment

Krup - or acute subglottic laryngitis - symptoms, treatment



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Krup is a common childhood disease. Is called by viruses and is growing rapidly. Krup (Laryngitis subglottica acuta) this subglottic laryngitis, or Pseudo-gland, pseudo-croup that attacks mainly at night. The characteristic feature is dry, barking, tiring cough which makes breathing difficult, can even lead to serious shortness of breath.

How to fight the disease? And what if a child wakes up and cries because he can't catch his breath?

What is krup?

Krup is a very common acute inflammatory viral disease affecting children between 5 months and 5 years old. The peak incidence is recorded in the second year of life. It is usually called by parainfluenza virus, influenza A or B virus, adenovirus, RS virus or metapneumovirus.

It is estimated that 18% of children will develop croup once in a lifetime and 5% will get the disease several times. Most often the disease occurs from October to April. Statistically, for a sale boys are more often ill than girls, obese children with allergies. The disease is spreading by droplet, however, it is not present at all in other age groups, among adults and teenagers.

In 85% of cases the croup has a delicate course.

How does krup appear?

A characteristic feature of subglottic laryngitis is sudden start. The disease often gives first symptoms at night, when a dry and tiring cough appears, referred to as barking. A characteristic feature are shortness of breath and problems in catching air, and often associated laryngeal whistling, i.e. characteristic sound that occurs when inhaling air.

In addition, it can also occur hoarseness, runny nose, the child is tired and scared because of appearing shortness of breath. She cries, which further hinders free breathing and worsens the worrying symptoms. The disease may be accompanied by a high fever.

The disease usually lasts two days.

The worst is the first night when symptoms appear. Acute subglottic laryngitis in most cases passes by itself (without treatment) and leaves no discomfort.

What to do?

The basic task for a parent is keeping cool. You need to do everything to calm the child, and you need to be calm yourself. Crying and annoying the toddler makes the breathing problem worse, which can result in severe shortness of breath.

Dress the child and walk to the window with him or go to the balcony. The possibility of taking in cold air makes breathing easier and avoids hazardous breathlessness. When the disease attacks in summer, inhalation of freezer air may be the solution. Dry and cool air is the best solution to alleviate unpleasant symptoms, which in the most advanced form can last for several hours. In addition, cool air reduces laryngeal edema.

Do not give your child any medicine, and certainly not cough suppressants.

However, if the cold air does not improve the child's condition and the toddler begins to choke, he should immediately call an ambulance. An ambulance doctor will give your child steroids, which will facilitate breathing. Most often, such emergency help is enough and a toddler with croup need not be hospitalized (hospitalization is necessary in less than 5% of sick children).