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Adnexitis - symptoms, prevention and treatment

Adnexitis - symptoms, prevention and treatment


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The appendages are ovaries and fallopian tubes, important organs of the female reproductive system. They are so close together that any inflammation quickly spreads from one to the other. generally bacterial infection begins with the fallopian tube and passes to the ovary. How is adnexitis manifested and how to treat it?

What is adnexitis?

Adnexitis, otherwise known as pelvic inflammatory disease,pelvic inflammatory disease - PID, is a disease typical of young, active women. They usually suffer from it sexually active women between 16 and 30 years old.

Revealed inflammation that may affect the ovaries, fallopian tubes, endometrium.

Inflammation of the ovary or fallopian tube is not distinguished, because the infection between them rapidly spreads and "both" get sick most often. Hence the term adnexitis is used.

When are we most often exposed to adnexitis?

The disease most often develops:

  • during menstruation,
  • after a miscarriage,
  • after delivery, during the puerperium,
  • after gynecological procedures,
  • when using intrauterine devices.

How is adnexitis inflamed? And what are its consequences?

Most often in the body inflammation occurs (e.g. in the tooth, tonsils), which through the blood is transferred to the organs of the reproductive system. Bacteria get into the fallopian tube and inflammation develops there.

When inflammation occurs, unfortunately, the consequence of this is deterioration of health. In the fallopian tube comes to damage to the lining membranes, local adhesions are formed that adversely affect a woman's fertility and can hinder conceiving a child. During healing of the fallopian tube, its structure changes, the walls of the fallopian tube become thick and inflexible, which hinders their proper functioning. Such anatomical changes, unfortunately drastically increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy.

Adnexitis can also lead to occlusion of the fallopian tube. On the one hand, in this way the infection is blocked, it does not spread. On the other hand, the long-term consequence of tubal closure is female infertility.

Adnexitis: symptoms

Adnexitis can lead to various symptoms that, in the acute period, when inflammation is just beginning, manifest themselves as:

  • sudden pain in the lower abdomen, sometimes so severe that a woman is unable to get out of bed. The pain is spasmodic, intensifying during intercourse.
  • fever or feverishness
  • deterioration of well-being, weakness,
  • constipation, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, intestinal colic.

Symptoms most often occur after menstruation, miscarriage, pregnancy, and curettage of the uterus.

If a vaginal, purulent discharge is emitted from the vagina, bleeding is prolonged, do not delay, go to the doctor! If you are after childbirth, during childbirth - do not justify the lack of response with the good of the child. The above symptoms must not be ignored or underestimated! You should visit a gynecologist.

In the chronic period, if the acute condition is not cured, the following symptoms occur:

  • feeling of discomfort, pulling in the stomach,
  • vaginal discharge,
  • menstrual disorders, irregular cycles,
  • pain during intercourse.

Adnexitis is recurrent disease. Asymptomatic periods may alternate with periods when pain reappears. It may lead to symptoms returning infection, cold, weakness, especially when we are more susceptible to diseases - e.g. around the menstrual period.

How is adnexitis treated?

If a woman observes disturbing symptoms, she should see a gynecologist. After the test, a bacteriological swab with an antibiotic program is taken. This is very important because in this way you can find out what bacterium we are dealing with and how to carry out effective treatment.

Treatment usually lasts 7-14 days. Antibiotics are selected for a specific patient during their use (oral and vaginal) it is necessary to take action measures shielding. In addition, the doctor also recommends analgesics with anti-inflammatory effect (Ibuprofen). During treatment, you should save yourself, rest a lot, preferably under a warm blanket, give up intercourse (preferably until the next menstruation).

Can inflammation of the appendages be prevented?

Some steps can be taken to reduce adnexitis. Very important are: