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Rubella, or what?
Rubella, also known as - German measles or three-day measles is an infection caused by rubella virus. It is a childhood disease, rather harmless for the youngest, occurring with mild symptoms.
It can be troublesome if it occurs in adults. Although rarely attacks people over 40, as well as newborns and babies. It is especially dangerous for pregnant women, especially at the beginning of pregnancy, when it can cause congenital rubella syndrome. It can cause severe damage to the fetus, including deafness.
One-time storage of rubella gives immunity for a lifetime. Against rubella is performed preventive vaccinations. According to many sources, it was the vaccination that led to almost complete elimination of the disease.
How is rubella transmitted?
Rubella is a viral disease that is transmitted by droplets. Most often it spreads through a cough.
Symptoms of rubella appear in 14 to 21 days after infection.
How is rubella manifested?
IN 25 to 50% of cases rubella develops asymptomatically. This means that you can get in touch with the virus, get rubella and don't even know it.
In about half of the cases, rubella causes minor symptoms such as:
- a delicate pink rash
- runny nose, runny nose
- red hot eyes,
- swollen lymph nodes
- aching joints
- a slight fever around 38.3 degrees.
It is particularly characteristic for rubella red, minor rash. Individual changes are no larger than a pinhead. The rash begins from the face, spreads to the torso and limbs. After about 5 days, it disappears, leaving no trace.
More severe symptoms occur when rubella attacks an adult.
The course of rubella in most cases is mild, no treatment is needed. However, it is recommended that the sick person stay at home. It is especially important to avoid contact with pregnant women, young children and all those who have not had rubella. It is recommended to avoid social contact for a minimum of a week after the onset of symptoms.
It is advisable to relax and take paracetamol in case of fever or pain.
If you have rubella during pregnancy, prompt intervention is necessary. It is helpful to write down hyperimmunized globulin, which may slow down the development of the virus and reduce the risk of congenital rubella syndrome.
Complications of rubella
In rare cases, the disease can cause ear infections or encephalitis.
A particularly dangerous rubella virus is for pregnant women. In 80% of cases, children of women who have rubella in pregnancy develop congenital rubella syndrome with symptoms such as: