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Cough indicates a disruption of the respiratory system, which may be the result of inflammation, allergies or irritation of the upper respiratory tract mucosa. Less often cough occurs in the case of inflammation of the lower respiratory tract, i.e. bronchi, bronchioles and alveoli. Regardless of its cause, the appearance of a cough in a child should alert parents, who from now on should watch him closely, and with increasing cough - immediately see a doctor.
Recognize the type of cough in a child
There are different types of cough, and diagnosis is important when choosing the right medicine. Anxiety should be caused by the so-called barking cough, which is associated with laryngitis, and chronic cough - in children under 15 years of age, chronic cough is considered to occur every day for more than three weeks.
It occurs at the beginning of the infection dry cough in a childwhich is caused by throat scratching. Then the cough reflex appears because the body wants to get rid of discomfort. It is not always a symptom of a cold because it can signal allergy or asthma (anxiety should be caused by coughing at night) and even heart failure caused by taking certain medications. On the other hand, a wet cough appears with already developed infection and is manifested in the fact that the upper respiratory tract is covered with mucous discharge, which may make it difficult to swallow and talk, and your child may also complain of heaviness in the chest.
How to recognize a child's cough:
- Wet cough is called a productive cough, because its job is to cough up secretion that is sticky, thick, yellow or white in color. It is helpful in the fight against infection, because together with the secretions, the germs that caused the disease are excreted. Importantly, the cough reflex should not be suppressed, because it can increase the duration of treatment, therefore mucolytics are used that thin the secretion and facilitate its removal.
- Dry cough it is devoid of secretions, but it is accompanied by a feeling of irritation in the trachea, comparable to tickling with a feather. As a result, there are choking attacks of coughing or constant coughing. A dry cough which is a symptom of infection usually after a maximum of 3 days spontaneously turns into a wet cough, and syrups are used in the treatment to accelerate the appearance of secretions.
As already mentioned, recognizing the type of cough is important for matching the right drugs. For wet cough, drugs are used to facilitate expectoration with acetylcysteine, which are to liquefy and thin the secretions in the respiratory tract, so that the child will not have a problem with expectoration. A way to dry cough is the administration of a non-opioid cough medicine, for example with a substance called butamirati citras, which is used for exhausting coughs of various origins, and its role is to suppress the cough reflex - which is why it is often used before major surgery. We find it in Supremin syrup, which is suitable for children from 2 years of age.
Homemade ways to cough
Homemade ways to cough come down to reaching for the ingredients that our grandmothers have already used. Admittedly, not all of them are confirmed by doctors, but experts agree that these natural substances will certainly not harm, and if they are to help, nothing prevents them from being used in children. These include teas, herbal infusions, raspberry juice and onion syrup.
The situation changes with honey that has been tested and has been shown to reduce the effects of coughing. Buckwheat, eucalyptus, citrus and placebo honey were given to children during the tests. The results clearly show that honey given 30 minutes before going to bed helps with upper respiratory tract infections and also alleviates night cough. In addition, honey has been shown to have antibacterial and antioxidant properties, moisturize mucous membranes and thus facilitate expectoration. However, remember that honey should not be given to infants, and relief can be especially useful in the case of dry cough.
Another way to deal with attacks dry cough in children are inhalations. In this way, we moisten irritated mucous membranes, thanks to which persistent burning and sore throat can disappear. It is worth using inhalation of a dry cough with essential oils, savory oil, which inhibits the growth of some bacteria, and in the case of wet cough - thyme oil with expectorant effect, works great here.
Check out other home remedies for different types of cough: //conakaszel.pl/domowe-sposoby-na-kaszel/.
What about chronic cough?
If the child's cough is chronic, it occurs continuously for more than eight weeks, diagnosis and appropriate treatment become necessary. Statistics show that up to 12% of the total population suffers from this type of cough and affects both wet and dry cough. Most often it is a symptom of asthma, allergies and gastroesophageal reflux. In practice, however, it often happens that chronic cough is one of the symptoms of a serious illness, so medical advice is needed.
Learn more about chronic cough: //conakaszel.pl/przewlekly-kaszel/
Symptom relief works to eliminate factors that can exacerbate the problem. It is commonly believed that such a factor is cigarette smoke, so it is worth not smoking near the child, and also make sure that he is often in the fresh and clean air. The so-called air purifier may be helpful, i.e. a device that filters the air and removes smog, dust, allergens and volatile organic compounds from it.
Attention! The above advice is only a suggestion and cannot replace a visit to a specialist. Remember that in case of health problems, it is imperative to consult a doctor!