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During the development of the phonetic code of the language, there may be certain sounds in which the child has more difficulty. One of the most common errors is the lisp, which consists of substituting the linguoalveolar fricative consonant / s / by the linguointerdental fricative (zeta) / θ /. In short, it is difficult for the child to pronounce the letter S. In Guiainfantil.com We will tell you why it occurs and how it can be corrected.
There are different causes that can cause this joint alteration. Some of them are the following:
- Incorrect articulatory model. Children learn by listening, so if a person in their environment makes this mistake, it is normal for the child to imitate it.
- Anatomical alteration, for example, ogival palate that prevents the correct placement of the phonoarticulatory organs.
- Inadequate dentition.
- Hearing impairment, which prevents you from hearing phonemes discriminate.
To correct this disorder, different exercises must be performed.
1. Tongue positioning exercises: It is important that the child is aware of the correct position of the tongue for the production of the phoneme / s /, and of the differences between this phoneme and the phoneme / θ /. For this, we can help ourselves with a mirror.
The child place the tongue behind the upper teeth, close to the roof of the mouth. The tongue should not be pressed against the teeth.
2. Breathing and breath exercises: It is very important to establish in the child a correct breathing and murmur pattern for the production of the different phonemes.
For this, we can carry out simple blowing activities with pomperos, candles, grinders, straws, soccer games with small foam balls ...
3. Auditory discrimination: It is important for the child to differentiate the two phonemes. For this, we can carry out different activities.
For example, we can say: "In the following image, what words do you see that have the sound / s / in their name?" You can repeat the same thing but with the / θ / sound so that you learn to differentiate them.
4. Production of the phoneme in isolation, in syllables and words: For this, we can carry out onomatopoeia activities, repetition of syllables, songs, repetition of words ...
5. Generalization: Once the child has learned to produce the altered phoneme, it is important to carry out a generalization process so that the child takes the acquired learnings into their daily practice.
All of this requires a long process of learning and automation. Therefore, you have to be patient and try to reduce the pressure and the demands on the child's speech, to avoid frustration.
It is important that you consult with a professional who will carry out a specific intervention for your child, which you can reinforce at home. Therefore, do not hesitate to consult with your speech therapist.
You can read more articles similar to Lisp in children, in the Language category - On-site speech therapy.